What is zoology?

Zoology is a branch of science that deals with the study of animals ranging from subcellular to multicellular organisms. Zoology covers every bit of animal study, from their division or classification to studying their origin, anatomy, evolution, characteristics etc.

What is Botany?

Botany is the study of plants. It is also known as phytology, where Phyto means ‘related to plant’ and the suffix logy means ‘study of’. The study of botany gives plant knowledge and teaches us about the preservation of plants and the conservation of forests.

The relation between zoology and botany –

The study of botany and zoology helps to gain a better understanding and knowledge of the living world. Plants and animals are interdependent. So, even though Botany and zoology are studied separately, zoologists and botanists sometimes have to cross the same pathway and work together. Most of the times, this occurs for the study relation of the niche, ecology and eating habits. Animals are dependent upon plants for many needs, and the food source is the primary one.

The study system of both zoology and botany is somewhat based on the same research process, and hence the overlapping is natural since both are biological studies –

  • Taxonomy – Taxonomy is the scientific naming of plants and animals based on their classification. Taxonomy helps in the correct classification of organisms based on several factors. Anatomy – anatomy helps us to understand the structure of organisms and how these different structures have evolved to perform different functions.
  • Evolution – evolution refers to the slow development and changes in organisms over several generations. This change occurs because of adaption to nature, mostly for survival.
  • Ecology – ecology refers to the study of interdependency and the relationship between the biotic and abiotic component. The study of ecology helps us understand the need for biotic and abiotic components for life on earth.
  • Niche – niche refers to the geographical area it comprises of the physical and environmental condition. It talks about the adaptation of an organism in the community.

What are biotic factors?

There are five major biotic components –

  • Plants
  • Animals
  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Protista

These biotic components need to depend upon some non-living components for the sustenance of life. These are called abiotic factors. Abiotic components are non-living things that are essential for the survival of mankind on earth. Therefore, some biotic and abiotic factors together make up the ecosystem.

Five major abiotic factors –

  • Sunlight
  • Water
  • Atmosphere
  • Soil
  • Temperature

What is an ecosystem?

Ecosystem refers to the geographical area where a particular species of plants, animals, and organisms alive. An ecosystem also comprises natural factors in that area like the landscape, rivers, mountains, ponds, weather conditions, climate etc. The study of science is very deep yet interesting and fun that helps us to understand life on earth better and with a broader perspective.

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